Crustacean Invasion! Millions of Red Crabs Move Onto Christmas Island

Spawning typically occurs in November and December, but has been known to happen during the last lunar quarter in October.

Photo of a previous migration. Credit: Di Masters


Millions upon millions of red crabs on Australia’s Christmas Island are shutting down roads, covering beaches and stopping people in their tracks.

Baby crabs in hand. If the rains stop or weaken, the crabs will delay their migration.

“Yesterday morning at 4.00 am we headed up north to see what was happening – but there were very few crabs spawning. Yesterday afternoon locals reported a number of crabs lining up on the cliffs and early this morning we were delighted to find a good number of females depositing their eggs,” Muller said in an email to

Locals and national park staff build culverts to help the red crabs migrate, and will clear crab-filled roads with rakes to avoid running them over with cars or bikes.

Credit: Parks Australia

Credit: Parks Australia

According to the Australian National Parks department’s latest surveys, around 45 million red crabs, made up of 14 different species, live on the tiny island, located roughly 500 miles off the coast of Indonesia.

The National Parks department said the crabs’ breeding timetable is fixed around the phases of the moon. Credit: Justin Gilligan

Credit: Linda Cash

But to the locals who live there, coming across a sea of red crabs heading for the coast at the end of November is nothing out of the ordinary.

Christmas Island National Park Chief Ranger Rob Muller snapped these photos early Thursday morning.

Each year, adult red crabs, which can also look orange or, rarely, purple in color, migrate from the island’s lush forests to the Indian Ocean for breeding.

Credit: Parks Australia

To follow the current status of the migration, visit Australia’s National Parks blog HERE.

The annual migration, which is a big tourist attraction for the island, will only occur if conditions are right during the region’s wet season, according to Australia’s National Parks department

Cybergambling returns — and this time it’s legal

To put that into further context, Americans accounted for nearly 10 percent of the entire $33 billion worldwide online gaming market,” Freeman said.

Players must be at least 21 years old, and either reside in New Jersey or be in the state when they place their bets. Not just poker.”

‘Last year, before a single state authorized legal online gaming, Americans spent nearly $3 billion.’

Legalizing gambling across the U.S. “That’s where I see the huge potential in online gambling, and I reckon the U.S. market research firm H2 Gambling Capital, which focuses on the gaming industry, predicted about $300 million for New Jersey’s online casinos — or about $45 million in tax revenue, according to the New York Times. Virgin could be holding a full house, but it could also fail before the flop.

Freeman said the Department of Justice has relaxed its views toward online gambling since 2011, and this could open up even more opportunities in the U.S. “Blackjack and poker have a very human element that’s lost online. Gov. Chris Christie validated the vice in the waning weeks of 2013, saying he hoped to rake in $1 billion in casino revenues this year, of which the state will collect a 17 percent tax.

Prohibition failed – again

Last month, the president and CEO of the American Gaming Association testified before Congress and urged legislators to repeal their 7-year-old ban on Internet gambling.

“It’ll be interesting to see how this plays out,” said Laurence DeGaris, associate professor of marketing at the University of Indianapolis and an expert in Internet culture.

And New Jersey isn’t alone; eight other states have bills in the works that will allow Internet gambling as well. Nevada and Delaware also began offering some online gambling last year, but New Jersey is the first state to “fully” legalize it, said Lee Fenton, the chief operating officer of Gamesys.

“Last year, before a single state authorized legal online gaming, Americans spent nearly $3 billion on illegal, unregulated offshore gaming sites. They play against the house at Virgin Casino, and they can finance their wagers with debit cards, credit cards, or in person.

To prevent unauthorized access, Virgin Casino physically locates gamers’ cellphones periodically. “The technology is rolling out this week.”

- Geoff Freeman, president and CEO of the American Gaming Association

“Prohibition simply does not work,” Geoff Freeman told a House panel on Dec. “Blackjack, slots. will generate – in addition to tax revenue from the proceeds at casinos – approximately 22,000 new online gambling-related jobs, Freeman testified.

Not everyone agrees with the odds.

Mega-entrepreneur Richard Branson’s Virgin Group is the latest entry in online gambling, teaming with the Tropicana Resort in Atlantic City and online game maker Gamesys to bring online poker, blackjack and slots to New Jersey this week. “The federal government has tried the prohibition approach – specifically the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 and the Wire Act – and through multiple Justice Department crackdowns on offshore operators as well.”

Globally, the business is even more lucrative. Others predict the overall U.S. If your phone is off, or if you’re too near state borders, you may not be allowed to play.

But analysts are mostly rolling with Christie and the casinos. 10. “If we are unable to determine that you are in New Jersey, you will be unable to play on Virgin Casino,” the site notes. H2 said the industry was worth $33 billion in 2013, with $4.5 billion coming from mobile gambling on iPads, iPhones and smartphones.

“Slots and roulette are very visceral games, lots of bells and whistles. market could be worth as much as $9 billion in the coming years as other states, including California, legalize online wagering.

“Those from other states can play, but they cannot wager,” Fenton said. That doesn’t translate online,” DeGaris told will catch up to the rest of the world and allow it at some point.”

. But new laws across the nation are rolling the rules back — and lawmakers think they’re holding a royal flush.

What happens online, stays online

Six other firms, including popular companies like and Ultimate Poker and other casinos like Caesars and the Golden Nugget, participated in the “soft play” launch of online gambling in New Jersey in November, the state’s Department of Gaming Enforcement Director Dave Rebuck said during a recent conference call.

“In sports gambling, it’s about the bet,” DeGaris said. In online casino gambling, it’s about the game more than the bet.”

“There will be many games to play online in New Jersey,” Fenton told U.K. — notably sports betting.

Many Americans simply ignored the ban, he noted, as the country did during Prohibition in the ’20s.

Congress banned online gambling in 2006

Home Remedies for Leg Cramps

It is also very common in athletic people, pregnant woman and alcoholics. Follow these remedies regularly and you would surely experience freedom from the unbearable pain that accompanies muscle cramps.

The reason for people to experience leg cramps cannot be limited to just one factor. The main reason for occurrence of leg cramps is contraction of the muscles in that area.

Leg cramps, which are also called muscle cramps are most commonly seen in old people. Besides, people who experience frequent muscle cramps, have to learn about their remedy that would help in stopping the occurrence of the pain forever. Sometimes, people have experienced leg cramps while doing vigorous activities or exercises. It has been observed that people who have done stretching exercises regularly find relief from leg cramps in 3 – 4 weeks time. When a person experiences leg cramps, he or she would feel sudden muscle spasms on that part of the leg for a few minutes. People who experience leg cramps may be found with calcium, sodium, potassium or magnesium deficiencies. Buy a new pair of flat shoes or sandals and check whether there is any difference. A laboratory test would help in determining the root cause of the problem. If an electrolyte deficiency is seen in the person, the physician would recommend the patient to consume sodium, magnesium, calcium or potassium supplements. There are also some other measures that have to be taken by the person as a part of leg cramps remedies.

Drinking a glass of warm milk or hot water before going to bed would decrease the chances of leg cramps at night. It might be difficult to avoid movement when you are in agony. Another method would be to do certain stretching exercises which would help in relieving the pain. However, lesser the movement you make, shorter is the duration of leg cramps.

Sometimes the use of a wrong kind of footwear like high heels can also give rise to leg cramps. Drinking lots of fluids (water and fruit juices) would keep one hydrated and safe from muscle cramps.

Along with exercises, it is also necessary to bring a change in one’s diet and food habits. Taking a hot shower before retiring to bed is also a part of treatment of leg cramps.

Doing stretching exercises twice everyday would also be beneficial. However, before we look at the treatment measures, let us look at the causes that stimulate leg cramps in human beings.. However, both young and old people can experience this problem. Applying ice pack on the affected area would also be helpful in reducing the pain caused by leg cramps.

If an individual is experiencing leg cramps very often, it would be beneficial to have a check up done by a medical practitioner. One’s diet should include green leafy vegetables, eggs, milk, fish, cheese, nuts and fresh fruits to diminish the occurrence of leg cramps.

To decrease the intensity of pain during and post a leg cramp, make sure to hold your leg as still as possible. Another reason for muscle cramps is said to be imbalance of electrolytes found in the body. Dehydration is also said to be one of the main causes of muscle cramps. The answer surely would be an agonizing pain in the legs, most of the time during the middle of the night. Though the pain does not stay for a long time, a feeling of tenderness would linger around for the whole day. Rubbing will generate heat and would help in relaxing the contracted muscles. If you have a leg cramp in the middle of the night or at the gym while exercising, the method to relieve the pain immediately would be to massage the part of the leg where the pain has arisen. One of the most common causes of leg cramps is a person’s sleeping position. Rather, there are many reasons that can lead to muscle cramps. Most of the time, we sleep by tucking the blanket tightly underneath causing the feet to bend downwards, leading to severe leg cramps. Moreover, some kind of nerve disorders can also give rise to leg cramps.



To know what exactly leg cramps feel like, ask a person who has experienced them. Leg cramps most commonly occur in the calf muscles, but it can also occur at the hamstring, quadriceps and feet. Before one starts exercising at the gym, do not forget to do warm up and stretching exercises too